May 2021

How to Prepare for Foot or Ankle Surgery

If you are getting ready to undergo surgery to correct a foot or ankle issue, it is important to be prepared and know what to expect. Store up on food and supplies, and set up a comfortable spot in your home with everything you’ll need within arm’s reach as you convalesce: your computer, phone, medicine, TV and remote, pillows, a foot elevation apparatus to reduce swelling, convenient access to ice packs, and more. Ask your podiatrist if you’ll need a knee roller/walker, crutches or wheelchair. Place a shower stool and grab bars in your shower, and have a cast protector handy to keep your cast dry while showering. Ask your podiatrist what you need to do to help aid your recovery, and approximately when you may be able to return to work; it can take weeks, months, or sometimes longer to fully recover from foot or ankle surgery. Also, find out when you might be able to drive again, and make arrangements to get a Temporary Handicap placard prior to surgery. Ask your podiatrist about over-the-counter painkillers or if they will prescribe medication to help reduce swelling and pain after surgery. With proper planning and communication with your podiatrist, you can help make your recovery as smooth and successful as possible.

Foot surgery is sometimes necessary to treat a foot ailment. To learn more, contact one of our podiatrists of Lewis Wolstein, DPM, P.C. & Associates. Our doctors will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to alleviate the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary include:

  • Removing foot deformities like bunions and bone spurs
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Cosmetic reconstruction

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.

Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Co-Op City, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Surgery

Flat Feet and Runners

Strong and flexible feet are essential to runners. Feet are the part of the body that strike and engage with the ground, and provide the foundation on which the body relies to complete and sustain the running movement. With 26 bones in each foot, nearly one quarter of all the bones in our bodies are located in the feet, not to mention muscles and tendons. Strong arches are an important component in the propulsion action the feet and legs perform during running and also help the foot’s ability to adequately absorb high-impact forces which is critical to preventing injuries. Sometimes, runners either need to compensate for flat feet, or they can develop fallen arches over time. There are exercises a podiatrist can suggest to help you strengthen your foot muscles, as well as custom orthotics to give you the proper arch support you need while running. Additionally, they may present a surgical option to correct flexible flatfoot.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Lewis Wolstein, DPM, P.C. & Associates. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  


  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn


If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Co-Op City, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Flat Feet

Can Babies Develop Ingrown Toenails?

An ingrown toenail is defined as the corners of a nail growing into the edges of the surrounding skin. This typically occurs in the big toe of babies and adults alike, but it can happen to any of the toes. Because baby’s nails are soft and flexible and sometimes curve in at the edges, they may appear to have an ingrown toenail without the nail truly being ingrown. When you are not sure if the nail is ingrown, give your baby a bath and let their feet soak in warm water. The toenails will become even softer so you can check and gently bend the corners of the nail upward if they are in fact growing inward. If you are still unsure, the most common symptom is for the skin around the affected toenail to become red or swollen. You may even notice pus or a yellow fluid where your baby’s toenail is ingrown. If any of these symptoms occur it is important to visit your podiatrist as these may be signs of an infection. An infection can be serious to your baby, especially if they have pre-existing medical conditions. To help prevent your child from developing ingrown toenails, do not cut their nails too short and when you do trim them be sure to cut straight across. To learn more about proper foot health for your baby, please seek the counsel of a local podiatrist.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact one of our podiatrists of Lewis Wolstein, DPM, P.C. & Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.


  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition


Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.


Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Co-Op City, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenail Care

Be Free of Toenail Fungus for Spring

Don't hide your feet when the weather gets warm. Get treated for fungal nails, and wear sandals and open-toed shoes with confidence. Step into spring with confidence!

Falling, Babies, and Children

Babies need extra care in preventing falling injuries. It is important to refrain from leaving your child sitting on a table, or lying in a crib with the sides down. Research has indicated it is beneficial to install sliding gates at both ends of the stairwells, with openings of an appropriate size. Many parents view a stationary activity center as a better choice for the child’s safety rather than a baby walker, coupled with adult supervision. When bed rails are installed as the child sleeps in their first bed, additional emotional and physical support may be provided. It can also be helpful to lock all doors that lead outside, as this may help to prevent falling down the steps. As the child gets older, it is important to ensure that playground areas have a soft surface beneath the slides. Feet can be negatively affected when falling occurs, and it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist  who can help offer you and your child fall prevention techniques.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with one of our podiatrists from Lewis Wolstein, DPM, P.C. & Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Co-Op City, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Falls Prevention

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